Laparoscopic surgery is a surgical technique in which short, narrow tubes are inserted into the abdomen through small incisions. Through these trochars, long, narrow instruments are inserted. The surgeon uses these instruments to manipulate, cut, and sew tissue.
In some operations, the surgeon can put the camera and the surgical tool through the same opening in the skin. This means less scarring. But it’s trickier for the surgeon because the instruments are so close together. General surgery is a branch of surgical speciality that focuses on complex and internal organs of the abdomen including the oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, appendix and bile ducts etc. The speciality also has expertise in the surgical management of diseases of the breast, skin, soft tissue, endocrine system and hernias. Due to technological advances today, depending on the type of surgery, various surgery methods are utilised such as open surgery, minimally invasive surgery.